Hyperpigmentation is a common, usually harmless condition in which patches of skin become darker in color than the normal surrounding skin. This darkening occurs when an excess of melanin, the brown pigment that produces normal skin color, forms deposits in the skin.
Melanin is a pigment that provides color to the skin. It’s not always distributed evenly; when melanin collects in patches, it can create spots or darker areas known as hyperpigmentation. Changes in skin tone can occur due to sun exposure, injury, medical conditions, or age.
Different Types of Hyperpigmentation
- There are several types of hyperpigmentation, the common ones being Freckles, Solar Lentigines, Melasma, Sunspots, and Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation.
- Each of these has different cause and different range of treatments and products to treat it, including creams and cosmetic procedures.
- Melasma – Melasma is the darkening of skin tone due to hormonal changes, such as those associated with pregnancy. Patches of melasma are often gray-brown and occur on the cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose, chin, and upper lip. This can also be a side-effect of taking birth control pills. Melasma may be worsened by sun exposure.
- Sun Spot or Photoaging – Also known as Age Spots, Liver Spots, or Solar Lentigines. It is the greater concentration of melanin in the skin, often results from years of prolonged sun exposure which normally takes longer time to fade. Clusters of dark spots may appear in one’s late thirties or early forties. Sunlight affects the production of melanin, which results in uneven skin tone.
- Post-Inflammatory Hyperpigmentation (PIH) – It is often associated with acne; once a pimple heals, a dark spot may be left behind. PIH can happen due to any trauma to the skin. Even if you get a scratch or an insect bite, melanocytes, or pigment cells, can create more pigment in response to the injury. Inflammatory conditions such as lupus and eczema can lead to PIH as well.
- The treatment hyperpigmentation tends to be a difficult and prolonged process that often takes quite sometime to achieve the desired results of depigmentation. Some of the treatment options potentially improves epidermal hypermelanosis, but not many is proven effective for dermal hypermelanosis. Daily use of a broad-spectrum sunscreen (sun protection factor [SPF] 15 or greater) is an essential part of any therapeutic regimen.
- Use correctly, jojoba oil can be effective for pigmentation, but there are many other factors that may affect whether this ingredient would work on your skin, e.g prolong sun exposure without skin proper protection. With Vitamin E content as a powerful antioxidant which protect the skin from free radicals that damaged cell and speed up aging process. While for Vitamin B complex, Jojoba oil is targeted to reduce pigmentation, dark spots and uneven skin tone while deeply moisturizing the skin at the same time reduce Post inflammatory Hyperpigmentation.
- The natural moisturizing properties of Jojoba Oil, which is packed with Omega 3 and 6 along with being high in Vitamin A, assists skin cell regeneration keeping the skin healthy. Vitamin D and E also found in Jojoba, aid in the hydration of the skin keeping it nourished.
- Jojoba Oil helps in reducing after sun tan / burn – when one suffers from sunburns and redness of skin and start looking for various remedies to alleviate the pain. Try rubbing jojoba oil over the affected areas, rich in vitamins E and B-complex, it helps in repairing the damaged skin while soothing the burning sensation. With its wax-like coating, jojoba oil can even shield sunburnt skin to an extent until it gets better.
- At 82%, Jojoba’s iodine levels are so high that it is often known as the most powerful healing oil. Iodine not only fights harmful bacteria growth but also can help speed up healing of wounds, as shown by the Department of Environmental and Life Sciences in Italy.
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